Tired, do not feel hungry
How Much Vitamin B Complex Needs For You
(थकन, भूख न लगना महसूस करते है आप जाने विटामिन बी आपके लिए कितना ज़रूरी है )

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS -

Nine water-soluble vitamins are found in the human diet:- they all are called ‘’VITAMIN ‘’B’’ COMPLEX’’

• Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
• Vitamin B3 (niacin)
• Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
• Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
• Vitamin B7 (biotin)
• Vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate),
• Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
• Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

The NAMED as Vitamin Thiamin or Vitamin B1 (ThioVitamin)- Sulphur Containing Vitamin water soluble vitamin
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Functions - Help the body to convert food into Energy & Release energy from Carbohydrates.

• Necessary for appetite & good health.
• MAINTAIN Normal functioning of Nervous System.
• Help in Muscle Contraction.
• Conduction of NERVE Signals.
• Stimulate Digestion
• Prevent Alzheimer ’s disease.
• MOOD MAKE POSITIVE
• Minimize the Risk of Cataract or Glaucoma

Sources - Beef, Liver, MILK, PORK, NUTS, EGG, RICE, BEANS, PASTA, CERALS, POTATO WITH SKIN, SOYABEAN, OAT MEAL, FISH, BREAD, ORANGES

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• SIGN & SYMPTOMS OF Vitamin B1 Deficiency -
• It is a symptoms of Memory loss, delusion, hallucination, Confusion
• BERI BERI Disease- it has two types- Dry or WET
• DRY- it occurs in muscles, wrist drop, weakness dryness as you can seen in Picture

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WET BERI BERI- it affects the heart & Circulatory System

Called ‘’WERNICKES Syndrome’’

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Affects Neurological & Circulatory System
Circulatory System- Dilation of RIGHT HEART
Neurological- Confusion, Coma, 6th nerve PALSY

PREVENTION & MANAGEMENT -
Supplement thiamin based on Clinical manifestation.
• For Mild Poly neuropathy- thiamine 10-20mg once/day given for two weeks
• For Moderate or Advance Poly neuropathy-20-30mg it could be continued for several weeks
• For edema & Congestion- thiamine-100mgIV once/day given for several days.
• Improve Dietary management as you can see above in Vitamin B1 sources.

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)

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Riboflavin- Comes from Latin word
Flavus - Meaning Yellow
Ribose - sugar
It is also water Soluble Vitamin B2, it is Breakdown food Components, maintain tissue, or Absorb Nutrients, Promote healthy Growth & tissue Repairs.
It is help in Energy Production
Make tissue Protein Building

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Sources - Natural Yogurt is a very good Source, milk, Mushroom, Spinach, Almonds, Cheese, Butter milk, lamb & MUTTON, FISH, LIVER, KIDNEY, WHOLE GREEN LEAFY VEGETABLES, EGG, RED MEAT.

Deficiency - Sore Throat, Dryness & Cracking of Skin around Nose, MOUTH Redness & Swelling around lining of mouth & throat

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Management & Treatment -
You maintain your diet as we mentioned above in dietary sources
Riboflavin supplements come in 25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg tablets.

Vitamin B3 (niacin)

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Niacin also known as nicotinic Acid,
It plays an important Role Convert Carbohydrate into Glucose
Metabolism Fat, Protein, keeping the Nervous System works Properly

• Important part of energy Production.
• Involved in Production of Sex & Stress Hormone
• Helps improved Circulation
• Help in Lower LDL Cholesterol
• Involved in Blood Sugar Regulation.

Sources - Liver, Red Beef, Green Peas, Chicken Breast, Mushroom

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Deficiency - PALLEGRA - VERY COMMON IN NIACIN DEFICIENCY
3Ds - Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia

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Mild Deficiency - Coated Tongue,
Soreness in the mouth
Irritability
Nervousness
Skin lesion
Forgetfulness
Insomnia
Chronic headache
Digestive Disorder
Anemia
Vomiting
Depression

Treatment & Management - Take Good Diet which has Niacin as we mentioned above
Supplement- Nicotinic Acid (Niacin) 500mg
Calcium (di calcium Phosphate)- 69mg

Vitamin B5 ( Pantothenic acid )

It is also called Pantothenic Acid it was discovered by Richard Kuhn in 1939, It is also acts as a COA help in Formation of Energy It is Build up Strength or Stamina Strength immune System, Relieve Autism & Parkinson’s Disease, Help to maintain healthy heart

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Sources - Yeast, egg, liver, kidney, Fish, Peanuts, Chicken, MILK, Yogurt, Legumes, Mushroom, Avocado, Sweet Potato

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Deficiency - irritability, Fatigue, Low Energy

Paresthesis -
Sensation of Tingling, PRICKLING, Numbness, Burning Sensation in lower leg & Feet’s-( Parkinson’s Disease )
• Joint & Muscle Pain
• Hair color Fade
• Anemia
• Headache, Depression, insomnia

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Treatment - Calcium - D - Pantothenate is used for Prevention and treatment of D - Pantothenic acid deficiency
IMPROVE YOUR DIETARY
EXERCISE (PHYSIOTHERAPY)

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

It is also acts as a CoA Transformed in the body in form of Pyridoxal Phosphate,
Help Catalyze,
It is Fight infections,
Keep healthy hairs & Skin
It HELPS IN Formation of Blood CELLS
It is a Neurotransmitter- send Signals one Nerve to other
Involvement in processes like Gluconeogenesis and Glycogenolysis. It helps in the production of serotonin, which is a mood enhancer (REGULATE MOOD).

Sources - protein food, include, Egg, BEANS, PEAS, nuts, Chicken, liver, Beef, Carrot, Cheese

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Deficiency - Skin Disorders- Dermatitis (Skin inflammation)
Glossitis (inflammation or infection of tongue)
Painful fissure Cracks in corners of mouth

BRAIN - DEPRESSION, COPFUSION, HEADACHE, INSOMNIA, MUSCLE TWITCH ANEMIA

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TREATMENT & MANAGEMENT - THE DOSE OF PYRIDOXIN 25mg daily use OR GIVEN IV TO CONTROL SEIZURE in infants

ALCOHOL AVOID

Maintain your diet

Vitamin B7 (biotin)

It is also a water soluble Vitamin
Scientific name - Biotin
Functions - Maintain Blood Sugar level in our body


• Aids in weight loss, & Stimulating Metabolism.
• Maintain Proper functioning of Heart
• Beneficial for Growth & maintain muscle tissue
• Maintain good health of Skin & hairs.

Sources - Food Rich in B7, Meat, yeast, Corn, Egg, Bread, Cauliflower, Chicken, Fish, Legumes, nuts, Pork, Potatoes

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Deficiency - Brittle Nails
Conjunctivitis.
Depression, Hallucination.
Dermatitis.
Fatigue.
Hairs loss
Loss of Appetite
Muscle pain
Weakness

Treatment - Supplemental biotin tablets,
Diet with Biotin or Probiotics

Vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate)

It is commonly known as Folate or Folic Acid, it is a Part of Vitamin B complex Help & Support in Adrenal Functions
Keep calm & maintain Nervous System
Required for Normal Erythropoiesis
Metabolism in the liver and changed to an Active form

Benefits - Prevent Birth Defect
• Promote Healthy heart
• Natural Depression Remedy
• Helps breakdown Triglyceride
• Decrease risk of Colon Cancer
• make DNA
• repair DNA
• produce red blood cells (RBCs)

Sources - Green leafy vegetables, Beans, PEAS, LENTILES, Sprouts, Sweet potato, Bread as you shown below picture

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Non vegetarian - Chicken, liver, egg
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Deficiency- Folate Deficiency -
you feel dull, fatigue Folic acid Deficiency Anemia called ‘’MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA’’ It is characterized by the appearance of large-sized, abnormal red blood cells (megaloblasts),

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• Shortness of Breath
• Irritability
• Pale skin

PREGNANCY - Folate is particularly important in women of childbearing age in case deficiency of Folic acid happened in pregnancy so
Chances of Birth defect in your Baby like ‘’Spina BIFIDA’’ (BABY SPINAL COLUMN MALFORMED)
Because it help to make & Repair DNA, Produced RBCs
Low birth weight (LBW) BABY
NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS

MANAGEMENT Diet low in fresh fruits, vegetables, and fortified cereals are the main cause of folate deficiency.
Doesn’t overcooking your food can destroy the vitamins?
TAKE VITAMIN ‘B’ COMPLEX TABLETS
Iron foalte like tablest
Improve your diet of folate

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)

This is very important vitamin for Normal function of Red blood cells. Health of Nerve tissue, maintain central Nervous System
Improve memory, Protect against Allergy, prevent ‘’PERNICIOUS ANEMIA’’ & intestinal malabsorption
Deficiency of vitamin B12 LEADS TO accumulation of abnormal lipids

TWO STEPS ARE REQUIRED TO ABSORB VIAMIN B12 -
1) Hydrochloric acid (HCL) in the stomach separates vitamin B12 from the protein to which vitamin B12 is attached in food. After this, vitamin B12 combines with a protein made by the stomach called intrinsic factor (IF) and is absorbed by the body. Some people have pernicious anemia, a condition in which they cannot make intrinsic factor OR REDUCE IF FACTOR ,

2) They have trouble absorbing vitamin B12 from all foods and dietary supplements.

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VITAMIN B12 CONVERTING HOMOCYSTINE TO METHIONINE

WHEN VITAMIN 12 DEFICIENT HOMOCYSTIN Accumulate leads to NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS

Sources - Vitamin B12 Naturally found in Animal Products, include, fish, meat, as you can see in picture

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Deficiency - Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to Pernicious Anemia’’


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Some times you take Proper diet but you have Deficiency of Vitamin B12 because there is NO PROPOER ABSORPTION

DUE TO intrinsic factor low
‘’Pernicious Anemia’’-also called ‘’ADISSON’S ANEMIA’’ you feel fatigue, Numbness, weakness
Pins NEEDLE Sensation, inflamed Stomach, Pallor, weight loss
Headache, dizziness, Shortness of Breath

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Other Symptoms - Mental Problems- Brain Fag, Confusion, Fatigue, Alzheimer’s Disease
Chronic pain - Myalgia (MUSCLE PAIN)
INFERTILITY IN BOTH MEN & WOMEN
HAIR LOSS
BLOOD DISORDERS

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Treatment - Patient with Risk of Vitamin B12 investigate Complete Blood Count
ORAL HIGH DOSE OF VITAMIN B12 1to 2 mg daily

Correct anemia
Starting Cobalmin Therapy
If you are Sticky Vegetarian you have Deficiency Vitamin B12
Improve your diet