क्या आपको आँखों में कोई परेशानी है
क्या आपको पता आप में कौन से विटामिन की कमी है

Do you have any problems in the eyes
Do you know which vitamin deficiency in you

QUESTION - What is Vitamins ??

Answer - Vitamin Discovered by - Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk in the year-1912. Word "vitamin" was coined, Vitamins are very important to us. Vitamins are a group of Organic which are essential for normal growth and nutrition.


Answer - They are Fat Soluble (ADEK) Or Water Soluble Vitamins (Vitamin B Complex or Vitamin C) Why Fat Soluble Called fat Soluble - vitamins are usually absorb in fat globules (Lipid, fat, Chylomicron) or they are dissolved in fat it is difficult to excrete in our Body because they fat (opposite water soluble) Or they are Stored in the liver (Fat cells of the Body-‘’Adipose tissue’’) Safely Stored when they need their work body use it Four Water Soluble Vitamins are -

Vitamin A Retinol
Vitamin D Cholecalciferol (D3), Ergocalciferol (D2)
Vitamin E Tocopherols
Vitamin K Phylloquinone, menaquinones

Why Water Soluble Called Water Soluble - they are dissolved in water
They are not stored in the Body they are excreted by Urine replace each day; they are easily destroyed or washed out during food storage and preparation. That's why we need it every day

Nine water-soluble vitamins are found in the human diet :

• Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
• Vitamin B3 (niacin)
• Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
• Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
• Vitamin B7 (biotin)
• Vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate),
• Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
• Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

FAT SOLUBLES Vitamins- ‘’A’’
Vitamin ‘’A’’- Scientific Name- ‘’Retinol’’
Why this is called Retinol because it’s Produce Pigment Retina of the eye

Functions -

• They are Role in eye maintaining healthy Eyes Promote good vision in low light.
• Maintain healthy Mucous membrane of the Skin, soft tissue.
• Protect the body, maintain immune system so that’s why it’s name Anti infective Vitamin
• Prevents- Poor vision, Night blindness, Unhealthy hairs & skin.
• Prevents- Cataract
• Promote- Normal development of teeth

How can we get vitamin ‘’A’’

Sources - Non Vegetarian- Meat, fish, Liver, Egg
Vegetarian - Sweet Potato, Carrots, Spinach, Green leafy vegetables, Pumpkin, Cheese, Broccoli (DAIRY Products- like Milk etc.
Fruits - Mangoes, Melon, Peach, Apricot, Papaya, Avocado, oranges


What can be its deficiency - ?

• NYCTALOPIA- (NIGHT BLINDNESS)- First sign of Vitamin ‘’A’ Deficiency

The three forms of vitamin A include retinols, beta-carotenes, and carotenoids

• Growth Retardation.
• Dry Skin (TAOD SKIN)- vitamin
• Repeated GIT INFECTION, & Urinary infection.
• Sterility.

Treatment -

• To prevent vitamin ‘A’ deficiency to eat Vitamin ‘A’ Rich food
• Eat red-yellow colored fruits and vegetable as it contains beta-carotene.
• Fruits & Vegetables eat everyday
• Immunization.
• Encourage Breast feeding to women
• Environmental Sanitation, maintain hygiene.